Actualidad en las implicaciones cognoscitivas del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño

Nataly Martínez Pinilla, Nathaly Cerón Blanco, Nury Tatiana Rincón, Marcela Vargas Vargas

Resumen


Objetivo: Establecer información actualizada, registrada en las bases de datos PubMed y Medline, sobre el deterioro cognoscitivo leve asociado a la apnea del sueño.

Métodos: Se realiza la revisión de la literatura para describir la fisiopatología de la apnea obstructiva del sueño y cómo ésta afecta ciertas regiones encefálicas y los dominios cognoscitivos que desencadenan trastorno cognoscitivo leve. Así mismo, observar el impacto y la mejoría de estos síntomas con una adecuada intervención de la apnea del sueño.

Conclusiones: La apnea del sueño es una entidad, que dada su compleja fisiopatología, predispone a hipoxia en regiones cerebrales críticas para la cognición, generando alteraciones multidominio en las cuales su afectación puede verse mejorada posterior al tratamiento con presión positiva en la vía aérea, por lo cual, es determinante la adecuada detección, diagnóstico y terapéutica oportuna en este grupo de pacientes.


Palabras clave


Apnea, obstructivo, sueño cognositivo, deterioro cognitivo, hipoxia.

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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